Hung Lau, which literally means Red House, is a house in the former Castle Peak Farm in Pak Kok, Tuen Mun, which was used by revolutionaries headed by Dr. Sun Yat-sen to plan the overthrow of the Qing dynasty. The coups in Guangzhou and Wuhan were believed to have been planned here.
The two-storey house is made from red bricks with plastering in red colour, hence its name. It features a combination of Chinese and Western architectures and served as revolutionaries' headquarters where they store and experiment with firearms between 1901 and 1911 leading to the Chinese Revolution. According to archival records, the building was built approximately one hundred years ago.
The farm, owned by a Hong Kong merchant who lent it to Dr. Sun Yat-sen for the purpose of making it the revolutionaries' hideout, has long been gone. Only the Red House remains of the vanished farm. In 1986, the structure was rated as a grade-one historic building by the government.
Adjacent to the house is a small garden featuring a bust of Dr. Sun Yat-sen. It is also one of few places in Hong Kong where the Flag of the Republic of China is flown freely.
Unfortunately, the historic structure is now dilapidated and requires much needed repairs. The original balcony balustrades have been removed and the traditional roof tiles have been replaced with metal sheets.
Tuen Wan officials have been making repeated requests to the government over the years for the immediate repair and conservation of the Red House but proposals have been turned down because of the properties' close association with a pro-Taiwan group that manages the memorial ground next to Hung Lau.
Hung Lau is located in 2 Castle Peak Road in Sham Tseng, Tuen Mun. To get there, take LRT route No.610 or 615 and alight at Butterfly Stop, or KMB route No. 59A, 59M, 59X and 259B.